Pilgrim Fathers The village of ScroobyEngland circahome to the "Saints" until Plymouth Colony was founded by a group of English Puritans who later came to be known as the Pilgrims.
The protracted struggle for supremacy between monarch and Parliament reached new heights inwhen Charles I disbanded the rival body and ruled alone for 11 years.
Plymouth massachusetts bay pressure was also applied on religious dissenters, notably the Pilgrims and the Puritans. Some were imprisoned for their nonconformist views and others lost lucrative official positions.
Ina group of distinguished Puritan businessmen formed a venture named the Governor and Company of Massachusetts Bay, which was initially conceived as a profit-making endeavor in the New World.
A land grant was received from the Council of New England, the successor to the ineffective Virginia Company of Plymouth, providing rights to the area between the Charles and Merrimack rivers and westward to the Pacific Ocean.
Preliminary voyages were made in andand resulted in the establishment of a small colony on Cape Ann and later at Salem. The careful Puritan businessmen sought additional protection for their scheme by requesting and receiving a charter from the kingwho had apparently been misinformed about their religious views.
The charter took a generous view of the geography involved: The charter also expressed an optimistic view of the prospects for finding precious metals: While still in England, the company members signed the Cambridge Agreementin which they agreed to undertake the rigors of the Atlantic voyage if full authority over the charter and colony would be vested in the members themselves.
Those stockholders who did not wish to migrate sold their shares to emigrants. Through this action the Massachusetts Bay venture was transformed from a trading company into an organization dominated by staunch Puritans with a religious agenda.
Political power in the new colony was limited to fellow believers, effectively creating a theocracy a government run by religious officials who would enforce religious principles. The Great Migration Beginning inGovernor John Winthropwith the company charter tightly in hand, guided the arrival of nearly colonists to the New World.
The initial parties stopped first at Salem, but soon established a permanent settlement on the Shawmut Peninsula of Massachusetts Bay later to be called Boston.
Initially, circumstances were extremely difficult - approximately settlers died the first year and a similar number returned to England in the spring of Gradual improvements in living conditions led to an influx of new colonists, mainly English Puritans, that totaled more than 20, over the next decade.
New settlements soon fanned out from Boston — Newtown later CambridgeLexington, ConcordWatertown, Charlestown, Dorchester, and others dotted the map. Massachusetts differed markedly from Plymouth, its neighbor 40 miles to the south.
The Puritan immigrants, as a whole, had been more prominent in England and were more highly educated. All classes, from gentleman to common laborer, were represented. The stamp of Puritanism was felt throughout the entire community.
The Puritans of Massachusetts Bay were Calvinistsbut with their own points of emphasis.The Massachusetts Bay Company and the colony were one and the same until , when the charter was taken away.
Later, in , a new royal charter was granted to Massachusetts; the Plymouth Colony and Maine were absorbed. Dec 18, · Watch video · These included John Winthrop’s Massachusetts Bay Colony, founded in , which became the most populous and prosperous colony in the region.
Plymouth’s influence in New England declined. Dec 18, · Though Plymouth would never develop as robust an economy as later settlements–such as Massachusetts Bay Colony–agriculture, fishing and trading made the .
Jamestown and Plymouth: Compare and Contrast Traveling aboard the Susan Constant, Godspeed and Discovery, men landed in Virginia in at a place they named Jamestown.
This was the first permanent English settlement in the New World. Owing to the Great Migration, Mass Bay was considerably larger in population, with perhaps 20, Puritan immigrants moving to Mass Bay by In contrast, Plymouth Colony had maybe 2, inhabitants by The Separatists in Plymouth had some.
Plymouth served as the capital of Plymouth Colony (which consisted of modern-day Barnstable, Bristol, and Plymouth Counties) from its founding in until , when the colony was merged with the Massachusetts Bay Colony and other territories to form the Province of Massachusetts Bay.