Dashboards are easy to read, real time user interface, which shows a graphical presentation of the current status and historical trends of key performance indicators to enable informed decisions.
Funding[ edit ] Much unlike proprietary off-the-shelf software that come with restrictive licenses, open-source software is distributed freely, through the web and in physical media. Because creators cannot require each user to pay a license fee to fund development this way, a number of alternative development funding models have emerged.
An example of those funding models is when bespoke software is developed as a consulting project for one or more customers who request it. If both parties agree, the resulting software could then be publicly released with an open-source license in order to allow subsequent adoption by other parties.
That agreement could reduce the costs paid by the clients while the original developers or independent consultants can then charge for training, installation, technical supportor further customization if and when more interested customers would choose to use it after the initial release.
For instance, an open-source CAD program may require parts libraries which are sold on a subscription or flat-fee basis. Open-source software can also promote the sale of specialized hardware that it interoperates with, some example cases being the Asterisk telephony software developed by PC-telephony hardware manufacturer Digium and the Robot Operating System ROS robotics platform by Willow Garage and Stanford AI Labs.
Many open source software projects have begun as research projects within universities, as personal projects of students or professors, or as tools to aid scientific research. A new funding approach for open-source projects is crowdfundingorganized over web platforms like KickstarterIndiegogoor Bountysource.
It has been merged from Commercial open-source applications. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Open-source software can be sold and used in general commercially.
Also, commercial open-source applications have been a part of the software industry for some time. Also in the computer hardware domain, a hardware producer who provides free and open software drivers reveals the knowledge about hardware implementation details to competitors, who might use this knowledge to catch up.
Therefore, there is considerable debate about whether vendors can make a sustainable business from an open-source strategy. In terms of a traditional software company, this is probably the wrong question to ask. Looking at the landscape of open source applications, many of the larger ones are sponsored and largely written by system companies such as IBM who may not have an objective of software license revenues.
Other software companies, such as Oracle and Google, have sponsored or delivered significant open-source code bases. Smaller vendors doing open-source work may be less concerned with immediate revenue growth than developing a large and loyal community, which may be the basis of a corporate valuation at merger time.
Approaches[ edit ] A variety of open-source compatible business approaches have gained prominence in recent years[ according to whom? There are several different types of business models for making profit using open-source software OSS or funding the creation.
Below are existing and legal commercial business approaches in context of open-source software and open-source licenses. The underlying objective of these business models is to harness the size and international scope of the open-source community typically more than an order of magnitude larger than what would be achieved with closed-source models for a sustainable commercial venture.
Multi-licensing Dual licensing offers the software under an open-source license but also under separate proprietary license terms.
The proprietary version can be sold to finance the continued development of the free open-source version. Also, providing goods like physical installation media e. Open-source companies using this business model successfully are for instance RedHat and IBM ;  a more specialized example is that of Revolution Analytics.
Selling of branded merchandise[ edit ] Some open-source organizations such as the Mozilla Foundation  and the Wikimedia Foundation  sell branded merchandise articles like t-shirts and coffee mugs.
This can be also seen as an additional service provided to the user community. Selling of certificates and trademark use[ edit ] Main article: Franchising Another financing approach is innovated by Moodlean open source learning management system and community platform.International Technical Support Organization IBM ^ BladeCenter, Linux, and Open Source: Blueprint for e-business on demand July SG Flowcharts examples are visual representations of a sequence of steps needed to complete a process.
They are often used for the design or documentation of a process or program. They provide insight towards a process analyzing where possible flaws or bottlenecks in the process may occur. Welcome to eAuditNet. eAuditNet is web-based software that supports and improves efficiency in the auditing and accreditation systems of industry managed programs administered by the Performance Review Institute.
eAuditNet is developed and maintained by PRI for the benefit of industries where safety and quality are shared . STMCube ™ is an STMicroelectronics original initiative to make developers' lives easier by reducing development effort, time and cost.
STM32Cube is the implementation of STMCube that covers the whole STM32 portfolio. STM32Cube includes STM32CubeMX, a graphical software configuration tool that allows the generation of C initialization .
With a combination of SAP Leonardo intelligent technologies, services, and industry expertise, you can optimize your processes and resources or ignite innovation in any facet of your business. Another financing approach is innovated by Moodle, an open source learning management system and community platform.
The business model revolves around a network of commercial partners who are certificated and therefore authorised to use the Moodle name and logo, and in turn provide a proportion of revenue to the Moodle .