District of Columbia D. It is an affirmative defense that the accused: Florida Obtaining property by false personation Punished as if he or she had been convicted of larceny Fla. Any person who is in the relationship of parent or legal guardian, or who otherwise exercises custodial authority over an individual who is less than 18 years of age, who willfully and fraudulently uses personal identification information of that individual commits a felony of the second degree.
Community service grew as part of the probation scheme and probation officers were delegated sole responsibility of securing support for and organizing community service programmes.
As community service programmes garnered public support, some speculated that the reparative element provided the attraction.
Definition Baker has proposed the following or a variation of the following definition for reparation: The question becomes whether the community truly ever is a victim, and if so, whether community service actually makes good the community losses.
Some have answered in the affirmative, positing that the community is a secondary victim that is indirectly injured by crime.
For example, the community suffers psychological injury from the fear of crime, and more tangible injuries, such as rising insurance costs. Others argue that the harms suffered by the community as a result of crime are too intangible to calculate, and consequently the service imposed is arbitrary.
Here, a meaningful distinction may help maintain the reparative purposes of both restitution and community service: Who the victim is--individual or community--determines the type of reparative sanction.
Distinguishing community service from restitution in this way helps prevent community service from being used as a punitive sanction: If instead, community service is used to repair the harm to the community, the risk of it being used as a punishment is reduced.
Therefore, community service orders must clarify the nature and extent of the harm done to the community. This requires identifying clearly the relevant community injured, the particular harm inflicted, and service to be order which will specifically and directly repair the harm inflicted by the crime.
In this way, the offender may see the reasons for the limits of social tolerance. The emphasis of community service is not on punishment nor on rehabilitation; rather, it is on accountability.
Implementation Examples of community service programmes run by both non-profit organizations and by the government exist.
The Probation Department for the District Court in Washington has run a community service programme sincewith at least charitable and government agencies participating.
The programme in Washington, and other programmes like it, consists of the following. The sentencing judge will order community service as a condition of probation, specifying the number of hours to be worked and the time within which to complete the order.
Then, the case is referred to a programme coordinator who makes the appropriate placement. Where no such programme exists, a pre-sentencing report is given to the judge suggesting community service.
In Washington, the typical order requires the offender to perform between and fifty and two hundred hours of work.
For the most part, non-violent offenders are chosen for the programme. Sometimes alterations in the order need to be made; a transfer to a different business must be made; or the offender must reappear for alternative sentencing.
Examples of legislation from the United Kingdom include the Criminal Justice Act of which introduced community service orders there. The Act failed, however, to specify that the orders ought to be reparative rather than punitive, resulting in confusion. The Act of somewhat alleviated this problem by authorizing courts to impose community service order as a sole sanction.SECTION Categorization of felonies and misdemeanors; exemptions.
(A) Felonies are classified, for the purpose of sentencing, into the following six categories. Community Service is an alternative of imprisonment imposed by the Court for minor non violent crimes. Community service is an unpaid work for the criminal so that he can repay the debt to the society for committing the offense (An tSeirbhis Phromhaidh The Probation Service, n.d.).
Identity Theft. Identity theft occurs when someone uses another person's personally identifying information, like a person's name, Social Security number, or credit card number or other financial information, without permission, to commit fraud or other crimes.
6 The Experience of Imprisonment. This chapter summarizes what is known about the nature of prison life and its consequences for prisoners. The dramatic rise in incarceration rates in the United States beginning in the mids has meant that many more people have been sent to prison and, on average, have remained there for longer periods of time.
To halve the prison population, sentencing would have to change not only for the so-called “non, non, nons” — non-violent, non-serious, and non-sex offender criminals — but also for some offenders convicted of violent crimes. Recent Updates NPSC “Without the mitigation analysis, investigation and assessment of the NPSC team of experts, I would be serving at least several years extra in a Federal Institution.