Barclay Rushton, Executor T. In Estate of Turner v.
The FairTax statutory rateunlike most U. Although no such requirement is included in the text of the legislation, Congressman John Linder has stated that the FairTax would be implemented as an inclusive tax, which would include the tax in the retail price, not added on at checkout—an item on the shelf for five dollars would be five dollars total.
The plan's opponents call the semantics deceptive. FactCheck called the presentation misleading, saying that it hides the real truth of the tax rate. Revenue neutrality of the FairTax A key question surrounding the FairTax is whether the tax has the ability to be revenue-neutral; that is, whether the tax would result in an increase or reduction in overall federal tax revenues.
Economists, advisory groups, and political advocacy groups disagree about the tax rate required for the FairTax to be truly revenue-neutral. Various analysts use different assumptions, time-frames, and methods resulting in dramatically different tax rates making direct comparison among the studies difficult.
The choice between static or dynamic scoring further complicates any estimate of revenue-neutral rates. Laurence Kotlikoff estimated the FairTax would be revenue-neutral for the tax year at a rate of To recapture the lost revenue, state and local governments would have to raise tax rates or otherwise change tax laws in order to continue collecting the same real revenues from their taxpayers.
These studies presumably incorporated some degree of tax evasion in their calculations by using National Income and Product Account based figures, which is argued to understate total household consumption.
Gale of the Brookings Institution published a study in Tax Notes that estimated a rate of Purchases of used items, exports and all business transactions would not be taxed. Also excluded are investments, such as purchases of stockcorporate mergers and acquisitions and capital investments.
Savings and education tuition expenses would be exempt as they would be considered an investment rather than final consumption. Personal services such as health carelegal services, financial servicesand auto repairs would be subject to the FairTax, as would renting apartments and other real property.
State sales taxes generally exempt these types of basic-need items in an effort to reduce the tax burden on low-income families.
The FairTax would use a monthly rebate system instead of the common state exclusions. Internet purchases would be taxed, as would retail international purchases such as a boat or car that are imported to the United States collected by the U. Customs and Border Protection.
Lower rates claimed on workers from a larger tax base, replacing regressive taxes, and wealth taxation. Higher rates claimed on the middle-class for an income tax replacement excludes payroll, estate, and gift taxes replaced under the FairTax.
The FairTax's effect on the distribution of taxation or tax incidence the effect on the distribution of economic welfare is a point of dispute.
The plan's supporters argue that the tax would broaden the tax base, that it would be progressiveand that it would decrease tax burdens and start taxing wealth reducing the economic gap. Therefore, according to economist William G.
Galethe percentage of income taxed is regressive at higher income levels as consumption falls as a percentage of income. Households at the extreme high end of consumption often finance their purchases out of savings, not income.
Thus, according to economist Laurence Kotlikoffthe effective tax rate is progressive on consumption.
Predicted effects of the FairTax The predicted effects of the FairTax are a source of disagreement among economists and other analysts. Smiththat have endorsed the plan.Claremont Funding mortgage broker business plan executive summary.
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